If you've read Part 1 of this series, Designing an Affordable Home, then you have likely been pondering some of the questions posed in the blog:
These are just some examples of the questions you can start asking your family as you begin this journey toward creating a sustainable home. You may not have all the answers yet, but hopefully, these questions have led you to some insights.
Did your answers generated more questions?
If this is the case, then you're on the right track. This part of the process is the best time for questions and contemplation.
Now, we can start looking at how we can arrange spaces in a home to take...
How do we design homes without mortgages and smaller utility bills? As you might imagine - this is a sizable question.
The first step is to start with the floor plan. The perception of what size of house we need has drastically changed over the last few decades. In 1950, the average home was under 1000 square feet. Today homes are typically 2500 square feet or more. Our family size has decreased from 3.37 people/ house to 2.5 people per household, but the square footage we expect has risen. Why is that?
The real question is why do we need all that space? Larger square footage requires more fuel to heat and to cool, as well as a larger mortgage. Larger mortgages require us to work more and might force us to work in jobs that don't fulfill us. We may be spending less time with our spouse or family to pay for our family home. Sound like a vicious cycle?
Several years ago I was working a home show with a colleague of mine who is a gifted designer of modest-sized homes. A young family of...
Moving into the season of gratitude reminds me of the many blessings I have received over the years of living and flourishing here at Twisted Oak, our self-sustaining home. This home works with nature to keep us warm during the frigid November nights, collects our water, and generates all our power. Living this way has created a rich and abundant life beyond measure.
Recently, we spent several weeks traveling, and after nights spent in hotel rooms, I was grateful to return home. Our first night we lay in bed and sighed. It was delightful to once again sleep within thick, sturdy walls in a quiet and peaceful space. No forced-air fan was blowing. No mechanical systems were coming on in the middle of the night, disrupting our sleep. The house was still and silent. As we lay quietly in our bedroom listening to the silence, I heard my fiancé whisper into the night, "I love this house." We are grateful to live in a peaceful and tranquil place every day.
In our culture, homes...
The Following edited excerpt is a continuation of how I designed the interior of our passive solar, self-self-sustaining home.
The kitchen would have new appliances, and I began to research energy efficient refrigerators and stoves as well as those designed specifically for off-grid living. The island in the kitchen would function as a kitchen table.
The greywater planter would run the full length of the south wall of windows in the living room. This indoor garden would need the light from the southern windows to grow plants that would clean the greywater. This arrangement of windows and indoor garden would bring in plenty of winter sun as well as provide a lovely view from any position in the great room and kitchen.
The remaining half of the home would consist of two bedrooms, the bathing room, toilet room, and a laundry space. Because the greywater planter would reside on the sunny and warm south side, there needed to be some consideration for getting the water from...
Creating a separate entry room allowed for a place to remove shoes, hang coats, and welcome guests. A western entry would not interfere with the southern heating system, and by adding a door to divide this room from the main living space, the space would function as a type of airlock, keeping out the harsh cold of winter as well as the sweltering heat of summer.
A systems room in this area would create a place for the filter system to conveniently receive water from the cisterns also located on the west side of the house. I sized this separate room to house all of the mechanical and electrical equipment required to run the technical facets of the home.
A back door placed on the east wall and directly across from the...
In the following excerpt, I continue to explain how I designed the interior of our passive solar, self-sustaining home. This layout fit my family’s lifestyle, but it is only one of many possibilities. Every home is unique to the climate and the land it’s built on, and to the person or family who creates it.
It is more important to understand the method of thinking through how to work with nature and the power of the sun to design a home that will heat and cool itself, potentially collect water, and utilize greywater as a resource rather than waste.
Whether we live on the grid or off-grid, using the power of the sun to heat and cool could reduce our consumption of fossil fuels used by our homes by 80%-100%.
Of course, it is most effective in areas like the Southwest where we have abundant sunshine year around. But, I incorporated just one glass door on the south side of my kitchen when I lived in the Pacific Northwest, and it transformed the light in the house...
“Form follows function — that has been misunderstood. Form and function should be one, joined in a spiritual union.”
~ Frank Lloyd Wright
Designing Twisted Oak to coexist with the native and wild land was imperative. Our home needed to work within the influential cycles of the seasons and leave as minuscule a footprint as possible on the world.
In fact, I wanted to believe that not only this home but every building has the capacity to make a contribution to the Earth rather than deplete our natural resources and destroy the environment.
Most people think of vehicles and industry as the most prevalent polluters, but our homes and buildings are significant consumers of energy and materials that cause greenhouse gasses.
The first consideration for my design began months ago as I hung out with my dog at the building...
“I didn’t know precisely how the house would look, but I wanted to get a feel of the land that would soon become my home. I sat quietly listening to the wind and the birds, feeling the sun on my face, and noticing how the light shown through the trees. Our new home and lifestyle needed to fit into this wilderness, not destroy it. An understanding of the land’s rhythms of wind and light and the constant change of animals and plants was imperative. Each day, I returned to the stand of dead oak and the log in the clearing to listen, observe, and get to know our new property.”
~ From Twisted Oak: A Journey to Create a Self-Sustaining Life and Home
Imperative as it is to find the perfect piece of land to build an eco-friendly, self-sustaining, or even conventional home, it is only the very beginning of the journey.
It is our responsibility to take guardianship of the land, caring for it through all of the destructive phases of building.
There is no way of...
My mouth dropped open in awe as I took in the stunning landscape of forest and sky. Dark hills framed a stunning pastoral view. We were standing on a perfect south-facing slope. Dad looked at me with a grin and said, “I think this would make a splendid location to build an Earthship.”
Others had considered building here, but the cost to bring in power lines was prohibitive. There was no well on the property and no guarantee that drilling one would produce drinkable water. The soil has slow percolation rates, so it would be expensive to build a septic system and leach field. Dad went on to say that if I were serious about constructing a self-sustaining home that generated power, caught water, and dealt with septic in another way, then none of those issues applied to me. Did they?
My Dad’s voice was soft in my ear. “It might just be my opinion, but I think this is more appealing than what you are looking at in Taos.” He added another boyish grin for good...